Chronic coccydynia in adolescents. A series of 53 patients

European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine

2011 Jun; 47(2): 245-251.

Maigne JY, Pigeau I, Aguer N, Doursounian L, Chatellier G.

jy.maigne@htd.aphp.fr

Physical Medicine, Paris University Hospital, Paris, France.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Little is known about coccydynia in adolescents.

AIM: The aim of this study was to explore causes, clinical and imaging features and response to treatment of chronic coccydynia in adolescents.

DESIGN: This was a cohort study.

SETTING: The study included patients followed up at a specialized consultation in a university hospital.

METHODS: A series of 53 adolescent patients with chronic coccydynia were followed for 1-4 years. Investigations included dynamic X-ray films, with a magnetic resonance imaging scan of the coccyx in 26/53. Treatment was by coccygeal steroid injection or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Amitriptyline or coccygectomy were used as second-line treatment. Outcomes were assessed at a consultation two months after the treatment, then between one to four years later, by telephone interview, questionnaires and by a visual analogue scale (VAS). Fifty-one adult patients with coccydynia formed the control group.

RESULTS: In 20 cases (37.7%) the coccydynia was subsequent to trauma. Obesity was not a risk factor. Abnormal mobility was rarer and spicules more frequent compared to adult patients (P<0.001); 11/27 MRI scans showed a hypersignal within the disc or adjacent bone and 6/27 a hypersignal surrounding the tip of the coccyx (bursitis). Initial treatment was a coccygeal steroid injection for 41 patients and NSAIDs for 12. Ten were given amitriptyline and 3 a coccygectomy. At final assessment, there was no pain or almost no pain in 32/53 (60.4%), moderate pain and functional impairment in 12/53 (22.6%) and severe pain and functional impairment in 9/53 (17%).

CONCLUSION: Coccydynia in adolescents differs from coccydynia in adults. A MRI scan is helpful and should be obligatory for diagnosis. Prognosis is relatively good. Clinical rehabilitation impact. Our results should help clinicians manage this rare and debilitating condition.

What is coccydynia? | Investigation and diagnosis | Treatment | Coping with coccyx pain | Find a doctor or specialist

Medical papers | Personal experiences | Links to other sites | Support groups | Site map